The distant world. Easter Island (1)
As the impression leaves this place, it cannot be contested. The Easter Island mine where great stone sculptures were carved. Easter Island is the longest place in the world. The nearest island is two thousand kilometres away while the nearest land is about 4,000 kilometres. From Chile, the flight here takes more than five hours and in the meantime nothing else is visible, except under the sea. People without big airplanes arrived and settled in it. In the ancient world, the Polynesian pirates remained no secondary.
Rano Raraco is a volcanic crater about 600 meters in diameter. To reach it one has to climb a high and then a slope that takes us into the pit. No one lives around it today. Its interior and exterior walls have 397 sculptures in the form of a human body. Most are fifteen to twenty feet high while the largest of them is seventy feet high (which is more than the height of a five-story building). 10 tonnes to 270 tonnes. It is possible to identify where they were taken from outside. There are artifacts of the old route, where the altitude is low and there are three ways to go. Twenty-five feet wide, heading north, south and west, reaching nine miles from the beach. There are 97 more sculptures on these routes as if someone was left halfway here while taking them. There are 300 stone platforms along the sea and on the island. About a third of them are 393 sculptures. Until a few decades ago, most had blindfolded. As if someone had deliberately tried to break them.
The largest platform here is Ahu Tongariiki, on which fifteen fallen statues were erected back in 1994 by a crane. Even for modern machinery weighing 55 tonnes, this has not been an easy task. Because the heaviest statue was 88 tons. The ancient Polynesian population of Easter Island had no crane, no wheels, no machinery, no reclining animals, no metal tools. They were made, transported and replaced. But all work was done by the human arm.
The sculptures found in this mine were at different stages. Someone had just begun to cut. Someone had to make their hands and ears. Some were made and waiting to be taken. Getting here gives the impression that all the workers in a factory have suddenly quit their jobs, abandoned their tools and left work. They left where they were lying. There are also scattered stone hammers, axes, drills and cutting tools. Wherever these skilled workers worked, the rocks that came out suggest that there may be hanging water bottles here. Some sculptures appear as if they were intentionally damaged. As rival groups want to interrupt one another. The human finger bone was found under a statue. This may be the result of carelessness of the transport crew. Who made these sculptures? So hard? How were they transported? How many big statues were put in place? And why were they dropped?
How sculptures Came Here?
The Dutch expedition Jacob Roguen sailed with three large ships. On April 5, 1722, after a seventeen-day journey, they found the island. It was strange to Roguin and his colleagues that the inhabitants had only ten feet long boats in which one to two people sat. They were not of good quality. They could not travel a long way. Could easily reverse. How would these people, having their crops and poultry, and drinking water with them, come here for a week and a half? And these statues? “We were stunned by this stone statue,” Roghwin wrote. How can these people who have no strong ropes, no machinery, make a thirty foot tall statue? ” Big ropes are needed to make strong ropes. There was not a single tree or shrub within ten feet of Easter Island. “From afar, we saw a barren island.” Where did those high-pitched trees that ever lived here go?
The need for complex societies and densely populated communities to support sculpture, transport, and place them can support all this labor. When Europeans came here in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the number of locals was only a few thousand. What happened to the large population here? All this hard work required a lot of specialized skilled labor and labor. The population needed to feed them. Roguivan did not see any animals other than insects here, and was the only bird in the pet.
The eastern part of the island was perfect for carving stones. Northwest for fishing, and south for farming. To sum it all up, it was necessary to have an island economy. It couldn’t be on arid island and where did it all go again?
These are the mysteries on which books have been written for centuries. People who were in a sense of racial superiority were reluctant to give credit to the pollination population. Thor Hairdahl, from Norway, said the technology was brought with him by South Americans, who acquired it after contact with Europe and Asia. It sought to link the Pyramids of Egypt. They were made of the stones of civilization. To prove this, what a campaign called travel on small boats from Chile. Eric van Dynek, of Switzerland, claimed that it was the work of a space creature that had ultramodern tools. They were trapped on the island. They did this before returning.
These hypothetical tales didn’t need stories. The tools were scattered all over here and even the people living here knew it. They were Polish, not coming from space or South America. But this real history is as romantic and fascinating as the Diwmali tale of a flying saucer.
The story of Easter Island is not just the story of the distant world, but the story of today’s world. There is a story of the relationship between man and earth, of civilization and of falling, of human courage, strength and weakness.
The history of Easter Island is a story of man.